Express Entry is a selection system the Canadian Government implemented to expedite the Permanent Resident visa process for various Economic Immigration Programs. It is an electronic process with online submissions which allows for quicker processing times, averaging around 6 months.
The following programs are processed by Express Entry:
Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC)
Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)
To be Eligible to apply under Express Entry:
You must meet the eligibility requirements for one of the Immigration Programs that are processed by Express Entry. Each program has its own eligibility requirements. If you meet the requirements, an expression of interest to apply can be made by creating a profile detailing personal information including skills, work experience, language ability (test scores), education.
All candidates who meet the eligibility requirements to apply with be placed into a pool and are ranked using a Comprehensive Ranking System. Periodically, a certain number of the highest ranked applicants will be invited to apply for Permanent Residence. Once a candidate receives an Invitation to Apply (ITA), they have 90 days to submit an application for permanent residence with ALL necessary accompanying documents. All required documents must be submitted within this timeline, otherwise they will be refused. After completing the process, successful candidates and their dependents (spouse and children) can land in Canada as Permanent Residents and be on their way to becoming Canadian Citizens.
Candidates who are in the Express Entry pool and have yet to receive an ITA (invitation to apply), will remain in the pool for 12 months and may be selected at a future date. If a candidate is not selected after being in the pool for 12 months, a new expression of interested can be made by creating another profile.
Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)
The CRS ranks eligible candidates for immigration to Canada through Express Entry. The CRS ranks candidates based of the following factors:
Core human factors
Accompanying spouse or common-law partner factors
Skill transferability factors
Factors relating to a provincial nomination or a qualifying offer of arranged employment.